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Battery Test Methods and Specifications

Test standards for secondary lithium ion battery cells or modules:

Published standards by UL, IEC, and SAE specify environmental tests like: short circuit while hot, heat resistance, temperature cycling, and thermal abuse. Because failure of these tests can produce hazardous results, the test chambers will require proper safety features and considerations.

UL 1642

Standard for Lithium Batteries

  • Short circuit test at  60°C; heating test: 5°C/m to 150°C

    See Industrial Ovens

  • Temp cycling: 70 to 20 to -40 °C (30 min. transitions)

    See Benchtop or Platinous

UL 2054

Household and Commercial Batteries

  • Mold stress relief test at 70°C; heating test: 5°C/m to 150°C

    See Industrial Ovens

  • Temp cycling: 70 to 20 to -40 °C (30 min. transitions)

    See Global-N Cabinets

IEC 62133

Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells

  • Short circuit test at 55°C; mold stress relief test at 70°C;
    thermal abuse: ramp at 5°C/m to 130°C

    See Industrial Ovens

  • Temp cycling: 75 to 20 to -20°C (30 min. transitions)

    See Benchtop or Platinous

SAE J2464

Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Rechargeable Energy Storage System (RESS)

  • Thermal stability: Increasing temperature in 5°C increments

    See Industrial Ovens

  • Thermal shock test: 70 to -40°C (15 min. transitions)

    See Global-N or Thermal Shock

IEC 61960

Secondary lithium cells and batteries for portable applications

UN/DOT 38.3

UN Manual of Tests and Criteria 4th Revised Edition Lithium Battery Testing Requirements

IEC 62660-2

Secondary lithium-ion cells for the propulsion of electric road vehicles – Part 2: Reliability and abuse testing

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